Homology is a fundamental concept to the study of comparative biology, and a strong evidence in favor of evolution. It was first defined by Richard Owen in 1843 (Hall, 2012)
Homology refers to similar structures (or genes, or behaviors) of different organisms due to the same embryological origin. Those structures can or cannot perform the same function.
Vertebrate anterior limbs
Analogy and homoplasy
- Hall, B. K. (2012). Homology, Homoplasy, Novelty, and Behavior. Developmental Psychobiology,