Neoteny is the occurrence of juvenile characteristics being retained through adulthood.Edit
Neoteny in Domestic DogsEdit
Neoteny has been exhibited as a consequence of domestication in dogs from their ancestor, the wolf. Following domestication and resulting from rigorous breeding programs, certain breeds of domestic dogs are closer in resemblance to wolf puppies than adult wolves, evident in their floppy ears and blunt muzzles as opposed to upright ears and elongated muzzles that are characteristic of adult wolves.
Neoteny and Domestic Dog BehaviorEdit
A study by Goodwin, Bradshaw & Wickens (1997) investigated the effect of neoteny on dog behavior by comparing behavior patterns of various dog breeds in relation to their resemblance of the wolf. A position correlation was found between the degree of wolf resemblance and amount of wolf-like behavior patterns exhibited by the dog breeds being tested.
Behavior patterns were compared to various dog breeds (Goodwin et al., 1997).
The Siberian Husky was found to have the most similarity to wolf behavior patterns.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier Spaniel was found to exhibit the least amount of wolf behavior patterns.
Drake, A.G. & Klingenberg C.P. 2010. American Naturalist 175: 289-301
Driscoll, C. A., Macdonald, D. W., & O'Brien, S. J. (2009). From Wild Animals To Domestic Pets, An Evolutionary View Of Domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(Supplement 1), 9971-9978.
Goodwin, D., Bradshaw, J. W., & Wickens, S. M. (1997). Paedomorphosis Affects Agonistic Visual Signals Of Domestic Dogs. Animal Behaviour, 53(2), 297-304
Grandin, T., & Johnson, C. (2005).Animals in translation: using the mysteries of autism to decode animal behavior. New York: Scribner.