With advances in medical science, the development of synthetic antibiotics have provided new avenues in the treatment of drug resistant bacterial infections. Often the synthetic antibiotics provide the only viable option to patients who are suffering from these types of bacterial infections
Benefits of Synthetic AntibioticsEdit
Synthetic antibiotics provide therapeutic benefit to drug resistant bacterial infections by destroying the process of protein synthesis before it even begins. This is a crucial element in the replication of bacteria and, without it, bacterium can not survive. With the destruction of protein synthesis, synthetic antibiotics provide a key aspect of treatment of bacterial infections that other antibiotics can not provide.
Synthetic Versus Natural AntibioticsEdit
synthetic antibiotics present with some of the same complications as that found in traditional antibiotic therapy. Side effects most commonly associated with synthetic antibiotics include abdominal pain, diarrhea, cramping, headache, nausea and vomiting.
Because synthetic antibiotics are manufactured, the risk for allergic reaction is significantly lower. While penicillin may produce an allergic reaction in many patients, the use of synthetic antibiotics often does not produce this type of health risk.
Walsh, P. 2003. Where will new antibiotics come from? Nature Reviews: Microbiology. 1: 65 - 70.