by Beth (Mary) Morgan-Peter
The Red Queen Hypothesis is a theory of sexual reproduction that says that sexual reproduction allows species to adapt to environmental changes at a faster rate than asexual reproduction.
The biologist, Vrijenhoak, was observing fish who reproduced both sexually and asexually. He noticed that the sexual reproducers were more resistant to parasites. So, the theory suggests that organisms need to continue to develop to keep up with coevolution. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/01/5/l_015_03.html
Allusion to Alice In WonderlandEdit
The term comes from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland where the Red Queen tells Alice that "It takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place." Luna347